Home Daily Updates IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 13 - JUNE - 2016
IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 13 - JUNE - 2016
Monday, 13 June 2016 08:30

 

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DAILY NEWS UPDATES

13 - JUNE - 2016

 

RAILWAYS. PEC SIGN MOU TO SET UP KALPANA CHAWLA CHAIR ON GEOSPATIAL TECHNOLOGY

Ministry of Railways and PEC University of Technology, Chandigarh signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to set up Kalpana Chawla Chair on Geospatial Technology for Indian Railways at the University.

The MoU was signed in the backdrop of 2016-17 Railway Minister’s Budget announcement.

For the purpose, the Indian Railways would provide a corpus of 10 Crore rupees to PEC University of Technology, for setting and to meet the running expenses of this chair.

Objective

• To encourage research activities in Geo-spatial Technology.

• To strengthen Indian Railways especially Railway projects where use of remote sensing data, global positioning system (GPS) and Geographical information System (GIS) is predominant.

Key highlights

• This academic chair is being instituted in fond memory of Late Kalpana Chawla an Indo–American Astronaut and Alumnus of PEC during the year 1978-82.

• To honour her contributions in Aerospace Engineering Indian Railways decided to institute the academic chair in the area of Geo-spatial Technology in her alma mater.

• Incidentally, Chawla was the first woman of Indian origin in space.

• The Chair will be headed by VK Gupta, Member Engineering, Railway Board as Chairman and Shri Manoj Arora, Director, PEC University of Technology, Chandigarh as Co - chairman.

• The Chair will function through a Chair Core Committee (CCC) having members from Railways and PEC.

Significance

• Development of the chair and its research will help Indian Railways to develop in house solutions to the problems which are often outsourced to western countries.

• It will help in developing applications to remove day to day engineering and technological problems and geospatial solutions to Indian Railways.

GURPREET SINGH SANDHU BECOMES FIRST INDIAN TO PLAY IN TIPPELIGAEN

National football team goalkeeper Gurpreet Singh Sandhu became the first Indian to play top-tier European football league match. He turned out for Norwegian side Stabaek FC in Norwegian Premier League (Tippeligaen) .

About Gurpreet Singh Sandhu

• Gurpreet Singh Sandhu signed for Stabaek FC in 2014.

• He played his first Tippeligaen (Norwegian Premier League) for Stabaek FC on 29 may 2016 and helped the team to claim a dominant 5-0 triumph over IK Start.

• He was a surprise inclusion in the 2011 Asia Cup squad.

• He made his debut for the Indian national team against Turkmenistan in 2013.

• He was trained in the Tata Football Academy and represented India at the Under-19 and Under-23 levels.

Tippeligaen (Norwegian professional league)

• Tippeligaen is a Norwegian professional league for association football clubs.

• It is the country's primary football competition which was founded in 1937.

• It was called Norgesserien (The League of Norway) in its early days and later Hovedserien (The Main League).

• It was expanded to 12 teams in 1972 and the league was renamedTippeligaen in 1990.

• The league is also known as Eliteserien or The Elite League.

AR RAHMAN CONFERRED WITH JAPAN'S FUKUOKA PRIZE 2016

Renowned Indian music composer AR Rahman was awarded with the Japan's Fukuoka prize 2016 for his outstanding contribution towards creating, preserving and showcasing South Asian traditional fusion music.

He will receive the award alongside Philippines’ historian Ameth R Ocampo and Pakistan's Yasmeen Lari.

For the year 2015, noted Indian Historian Ramchandra Guha was conferred with Fukuoka Prize in academic category.

Other honours conferred on AR Rahman abroad

• Rahman was also the 1995 recipient of the Mauritius National Award and the Malaysian Award for his contributions to music.

• In 2009, for his Slumdog Millionaire score, Rahman won the Broadcast Film Critics Association Award, the Golden Globe Award for Best Original Score, the BAFTA Award for Best Film Music.

• He was also awarded with two Academy Awards (Best Original Score and Best Original Song) at the 81st Academy Awards.

About Fukuoka prize

• The Fukuoka Prize is an award established by the city of Fukuoka and the Yokatopia Foundation to honour the outstanding work of individuals or organizations in preserving or creating Asian culture.

• There are three prize categories : Grand Prize, Academic Prize, and Arts & Culture Prize.

• Previous winners of Fukuoka Prize from India include sitar player Ravi Shankar, dancer Padma Subrahmanyam, historian Romila Thapar, sarod maestro Amjad Ali Khan and historian Ramachandra Guha.

CEAT CRICKET AWARDS 2016 CONFERRED

CEAT Cricket Awards 2016 were conferred on the players in a function of 20th edition of CEAT awards at Mumbai. Former India captain Dilip Vengsarkar was conferred with the Lifetime Achievement Award.

England batsman Joe Root was named as the CEAT International Cricketer of the Year and also International batsman of the Year 2016 while India’s test captain Virat Kohli was named CEAT T20 Player of the Year.

List of the award winners:

Lifetime Achievement Award – Dilip Vengsarkar

International Cricketer of the Year – Joe Root

International Batsman of the Year – Joe Root

International Bowler of the Year – Ravichandran Ashwin

Test Cricketer of the Year – Kane Williamson

ODI Cricketer of the Year – Martin Guptill

T20 Player of the Year – Virat Kohli

Indian Cricketer of the Year – Rohit Sharma

Domestic Cricketer of the Year – Shreyas Iyer

Young Player of the Year – Rishabh Pant

Special Award –  Ajinkya Rahane

About CEAT Awards

The CEAT awards honour the best of the cricketers based on their performances in international cricketing in all formats - Test, ODI and T20 - as rated by the CEAT Cricket ratings (CCR) over a period of 12 months from 1st May to 30th April.

In its first year of Inception of Award in 1995-96 the CEAT International Cricketer award was bagged by Brian Lara.

SONIA LATHER WON SILVER IN WOMEN’S WORLD BOXING CHAMPIONSHIPS

Indian boxer Sonia Lather won the silver medal at the AIBA Women's World Championships in Astana.

Though she reached the finals in the 57kg category, she was defeated by the gold medalist Mesiano Alessia of Italy 2-1.

India's last gold at the bi-annual event came in 2010 when MC Mary Kom finished on top in the 48kg category to clinch her fifth world title.

About the championships

• The 2016 championships was the 9th edition of the Women’s World Boxing Championship.

• It was conducted by the International Boxing Association (AIBA) in Kazakhstan capital Astana between 19 May and 27 May 2016.

• While Kazakhstan finished on top of the table with 4 golds and 2 bronze medals, China was the runners-up with two medals of each rank.

• Sonia Lather was the lone medal winner in the tournament.

INDIA AND WORLD BANK SIGN AGREEMENT TO IMPROVE EFFICIENCY AND ATTRACTIVENESS OF CITY BUS SERVICES

The Government of India and the World Bank signed a 9.2 million US dollar grant agreement under the World Bank-Global Environment Facility (GEF) Programme for the Efficient and Sustainable City Bus Service Project.

The project aims at improving the efficiency and attractiveness of bus services in select Indian cities.

The project will complement the Government of India’s Bus Funding Scheme launched to promote public transport by supporting cities to modernize their bus services.

Demonstration cities where the various initiatives for improving city bus services will be undertaken are Mira Bhayandar in Maharashtra, Chandigarh, Jaipur and Bhopal.

Key highlights of the project

The project will demonstrate low cost high impact initiatives in efficient bus operations.

It will focus on modernizing city bus services through modern depots for improving the maintenance of buses.

It will introduce modern Intelligent Transport Systems and Management Information Systems for better planning and management of operations.

It will provide technical support to vehicles and drivers for better fuel efficiency, among others.

The project is designed to specifically focus on identifying regulatory, institutional and fiscal constraints to operation of sustainable city bus services.

NATIONAL GDP PROVISIONAL ESTIMATES FOR 2015-16 RELEASED

The Central Statistical Office (CSO) released the provisional estimates of national GDP for 2015-16. It pegged GDP growth at 7.9 percent in Quarter 4 of 2015-16 and 7.6 percent in the whole of 2015-16.

India continued to remain a bright spot in world economy with robust macro-economic and fiscal parameters.

Highlights of the Accounts:

Fiscal Deficit: It stands at 3.9 percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2015-16 as estimated both in Budget Expenditure (BE) and Revenue Expenditure (RE) of 2015-16. This is a significant improvement over the Fiscal Deficit of 4.1 percent in 2014-15 and 4.7 percent in 2013-14.

Revenue Deficit: It also showed a significant improvement due to increase in Capital Expenditure of the Central Government. Revenue Deficit which stood at 3.2 percent of GDP in 2013-14 has improved to 2.9 percent in 2014-15 and 2.5 percent in 2015-16.

Plan Expenditure: It is 471081 crore rupees in 2015-16 which is 8437 crore rupees higher over 2014-15 despite substantial increase in share of tax devolution to the States.

Gross tax collection: It showed 17 percent growth as compared to Fiscal 2014-15 and also showed an improvement up to 10.74 percent of GDP (tax-GDP ratio) in 2015-16 as compared to 10.06 percent in 2013-14.

Non Tax Receipts: These also showed improvement with 250744 crore in 2015-16 when compared to 197766 crore in 2014-15 and 198865 crore in 2013-14.

DIRECT TAX DISPUTE RESOLUTION SCHEME 2016 COMES INTO FORCE

The Direct Tax Dispute Resolution Scheme 2016 came into effect. The scheme was incorporated as Chapter X of the Finance Act, 2016.

The declarations under this Scheme may be made on or before the 31 December 2016 in respect of tax arrears & specified tax.

Procedure to file Declaration

• Declarant to file declaration to the designated authority not below the rank of Commissioner in Form-1 to the designated authority and verified in the manner specified therein.

• The designated authority shall within 60 days from the date of receipt of declaration, determine the amount payable by the declarant.

• The declarant shall pay the sum within 30 days of passing such order and furnish a proof of the sum.

• Any amount paid in pursuance of declaration shall not be refundable.

Scheme will not apply in following cases:-

• Cases where prosecution has been initiated before 29.02.2016.

• Search or survey cases where the declaration is in respect of tax arrears

• Cases relating to undisclosed foreign income and assets

• Cases based on information received under DTAA u/s 90 or 90A where the declaration is in respect of tax arrears

• Person notified under Special Courts Act, 1992

• Cases covered under Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, Indian Penal Code, Prevention of Corruption Act or Conservation of Foreign Exchange and Prevention of Smuggling Activities Act, 1974

MORE THAN ONE LAKH PEOPLE LOOSE LIFE IN ROAD ACCIDENTS

  • An official report, released by Union Road Transport and Highways Minister, said 1.46 lakh people were killed in road accidents in India in 2015 — an increase of five per cent from 2014.
  • Road accidents as a whole rose 2.5 per cent during 2015 to 5.01 lakh or 1,374 accidents every day, claiming 400 lives, the report said.
  • The report said a majority (54.1 per cent) of those killed in road accidents during 2015 were in the age group of 15-34.
  • Thirteen States, including Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Uttar Pradesh, accounted for the highest number of accidents.
  • Among cities, while Mumbai had the highest number of accidents (23,468), Delhi saw the most number of deaths (1,622) in road accidents.
  • Also, drivers’ fault was responsible for 77.1 per cent of the accidents, deaths and injuries, mainly because of over-speeding, the report noted.
  • Alarmed by rising road accidents, the Union Road Transport and Highways Ministry has sent a Cabinet note for setting up a National Road Safety and Traffic Management Board to advise the government on road safety standards and guidelines.

STREET VIEW OF GOOGLE DENIED PERMISSION

  • A technical committee of the Defence Ministry, which comprises officials from Indian Air Force, Military Intelligence, Navy, Army and Intelligence Bureau, had unanimously opposed the service.
  • The main concern was security of sensitive defence installations. The Defence Ministry said it was not possible to monitor the service once it was launched and it would be detrimental to national security.
  • The proposal was rejected in February itself, primarily amid security concerns after the terror attack at the Pathankot airbase on January 1-2.
  • Investigating agencies suspect that terrorists used Google maps as they were aware of the airbase’s topography.
  • The Home Ministry recently uploaded the draft Geospatial Information Regulation Bill 2016 for comments from the public.
  • The Bill proposes jail term of seven years and a fine upto Rs. 100 crore for wrongly depicting the map of India, a move that is likely to hit Google and Microsoft.
  • In April 2015, Google representatives made a presentation on Street View for the MHA.
  • They had told the officials then that the platform would be useful for tourism and disaster management.
  • A formal proposal was submitted in July same year to shoot images through high-end cameras and upload them on ‘Street View’.
  • In 2011, Google launched Street View as a pilot project in some of the tourist sites like Qutub Minar, the Thanjavur temple, the Varanasi riverbank, the Taj Mahal, the Red Fort, Nalanda University etc. in partnership with the Tourism Ministry.\
  • The service was launched in 2007 in the U.S. and has since expanded to other parts of the world.
  • The Street View imagery has run into trouble in Germany, Greece, Switzerland, Poland and the United Kingdom amid privacy concerns and data protection issues.

INDIA WORKING HARD TO GET SUPPORT FOR NSG

  • Given China’s public opposition to India’s entry into the elite Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), India has been working on garnering support of other countries in the group to isolate China.
  • Ahead of the plenary session that began in Vienna to consider membership application Govt hopes for a domino effect, where countries that support India influence the ones still holding out.
  • Though NSG negotiations are held behind closed doors and a final decision is expected by consensus at the plenary session in Seoul on June 24 and 25.
  • Reports from Vienna say Austria, Ireland, New Zealand, South Africa and Austria are among countries still holding out on India.
  • In particular, Pakistan’s application for membership, which will also be taken up, is expected to queer the pitch.
  • Pakistan, which had applied for membership a week after India did in May, said it was warning NSG members that India’s entry would disturb “strategic stability in South Asia”.

HILLARY CLINTON GETS OBAMA’S SUPPORT

  • U.S. President Barack Obama endorsed Hillary Clinton to succeed him, declaring in a video message “I’m with her.”
  • The endorsement comes after a hard fought Democratic primary season, in which Ms. Clinton struggled against her rival Bernie Sanders.
  • “I don’t think there’s ever been someone so qualified to hold this office.” “I have seen her judgment. I’ve seen her toughness. I’ve seen her commitment to our values up close,” Mr. Obama said of Ms. Clinton.
  • Looking forward to her presidential campaign, the first major decision Ms. Clinton will have to make ahead of the national convention in July is that of choosing a vice-presidential running mate.
  • The selection of the V-P candidate is normally part of a wider agreement the nominee reaches with other sections of the party, and with an eye on reaching out to crucial constituencies or winning a swing State.
  • The most talked about woman in this context is Elizabeth Warren, Senator from Massachusetts who has emerged as a leading liberal voice in the party.
  • Ms. Warren, the only woman Senator who has not endorsed Ms. Clinton, shares most of the concerns with Mr. Sanders and could be attractive to his supporters who are now feeling dejected.

PAKISTAN ACCUSES INDIA OF DERAILING TALKS

  • Pakistan accused India of using the Pathankot terror attack as an “excuse” to derail the bilateral dialogue process and said talks are the best way forward to resolve outstanding issues, including “mutual concerns” related to terrorism.
  • Pakistan and India had agreed to start the dialogue in December 2015 when Indian Foreign Minister Sushma Swaraj visited Islamabad, he said.
  • “But before the Foreign Secretaries could meet and finalise a schedule for resuming the Comprehensive Dialogue, the Pathankot incident of January 2 gave India an excuse to postpone the resumption of the dialogue.” He said
  • India has accused Pakistan-based terror group Jaish-e-Mohammed for the Pathankot attack and has linked the resumption of the dialogue process to Pakistan taking action against the group.

UNGA MEET SET THE WORLD ON COURSE TO END HIV BY 2030

  • At a high-level meeting on HIV/AIDS at the United Nations General Assembly, Health Minister reinforced India’s commitment to fast-track progress on ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030.
  • At the meeting member states have adopted a new political declaration, including time-bound global targets, to be reached over the next five years and end the epidemic as a public health threat by 2030.
  • The UNGA meeting brings together heads of state and government, people living with HIV , and donor organisations, to reiterate commitments made in the Political Declaration on HIV and AIDS and to set the world on course to end the epidemic by 2030 within the framework of the Sustainable Development Goals
  • India proposed a five-point strategy — the ‘global family’ — to end AIDS. He stated that India was committed to enforcing TRIPS flexibilities to make drugs affordable.
  • “India is proud of being one of the leading partners in the global fight against AIDS epidemic.”
  • These remarkable successes would not have been possible without access to affordable medicines.
  • The low cost generic medicines produced by the Indian pharmaceutical industry have been instrumental in scaling up access to HIV treatment not only in India but in other parts of the world.
  • More than 80 per cent of the antiretroviral drugs, used globally, are supplied by the Indian pharmaceutical industry,” he said.
  • The five point strategy includes adoption of the fast-track target; reaching 90 per cent of all people in need with HIV treatment; commitment to maintain the TRIPS flexibilities; creating an inclusive society with programmes that work towards restoring the respect and dignity of individuals, and lastly, global solidarity.

INDIA GETS MORE SUPPORT FOR ITS BID TO NSG

  • As the extraordinary two-day plenary of the Nuclear Suppliers Group began in Vienna to discuss membership applications, India’s chances received a boost from Mexico, considered a “non-proliferation hardliner” thus far.
  • Mr. Modi was in Mexico on the last leg of his five-nation tour, and his visits to both Mexico and Switzerland, which also announced its support, were aimed at garnering backing for entry to the NSG.
  • Italy, which had earlier blocked India’s entry over issue of the arrest of Marines accused of killing Indian fishermen, has indicated that it will support India’s case
  • India’s biggest concern from the 48-nation group comes from China, which has argued that NSG members must be signatories to the non-proliferation treaty (NPT).
  • India, Pakistan, North Korea and Israel are among countries that have not signed the NPT, which India believes is discriminatory.

RBI GOVERNOR ASKS FOR BETTER COORDINATION AMONG COUNTRIES

  • RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan has urged greater co-ordination among countries to tackle spill-over effects – the impact that economic policies in some countries may have on other economies.
  • “How do we take cognizance of the fact that the world is quite integrated and therefore, policies across countries have spill-over effects and today we don’t have a system to coordinate these spill-overs; each country does what it has to and other countries have to accept that and the consequences,” he said.
  • The former IMF chief economist has been critical of ‘ultra-low’ monetary policies adopted among some countries in the developed world.
  • Their decisions to keep interest rates low to support growth and re-inflate their economies have impacted emerging market economies.
  • He cited the example of Brexit, which is the possibility that Britain will withdraw from the European Union. The country will hold an in-out referendum on its EU membership on June 23.

FOOD MINISTRY PROPOSES 25 % DUTY ON SUGAR EXPORT

  • The Food Ministry has proposed to impose 25 per cent duty on export of sugar to ensure sufficient supply of the sweetener in the domestic market, Union Minister Ram Vilas Paswan said.
  • The international prices of sugar are rising and therefore traders may increase the export of sugar to make profit, Mr.Paswan said.
  • He added that this move will keep sufficient availability of sugar in domestic market and the price will be under control.
  • According to trade sources, sugar exports have become viable now as global prices have increased by 50 per cent in last three months due to disruption in supply from Brazil.
  • As demand and supply of sugar in India are at par, the government does not want any export from the country.
  • The country had exported 1.4 million tonnes of sugar so far in the 2015-16 marketing year (October—September).
  • Retail sugar prices last month had crossed Rs.40 per kg due to 11 per cent fall in domestic sugar output in the ongoing 2015-16 season.
  • Sugar production in India, the world’s second largest producer is estimated to be about 25 million tonnes in 2015-16, as against 28.3 million tonnes last year.

 

 

 


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Last Updated on Tuesday, 14 June 2016 03:42