Home Daily Updates IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 28 - MAY - 2016
IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 28 - MAY - 2016
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Monday, 30 May 2016 05:51

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DAILY NEWS UPDATES

28 - MAY - 2016

 

RAHUL DRAVID AND MAHELA JAYAWARDENA APPOINTED TO ICC CRICKET COMMITTEE

Former India captain Rahul Dravid and ex-Sri Lanka captain Mahela Jayawardena were appointed to the ICC Cricket Committee for a 3-year term.

While Rahul Dravid was chosen by current test captains to represent the interests of the current players, Mahela Jayawardena will represent the interests of past players.

Along with Dravid, Tim May, former Australia off-spinner, was also elected to the committee to represent the interests of the current players.

While Dravid and Jayawardena replaced Kumar Sangakkara and Laxman Sivaramakrishnan respectively, Mahela Jayawardena will take over from former Australia captain Mark Taylor.

Meanwhile, the ICC re-elected Anil Kumble as the chairman of the committee for another 3-year term until 2018. The former India captain was appointed as the Chair in 2012.

About ICC Cricket Committee

• The ICC Cricket Committee is representative of all stakeholders in the game, including players, umpires and the media.

• It is empowered to make recommendations on cricket playing issues to the Chief Executives’ Committee (CEC).

• If the matter is a policy matter, the committee will send its recommendation to the ICC Board for the final approval.

INDIA, WHO SIGNED AGREEMENT FOR GLOBAL PROMOTION OF TRADITIONAL SYSTEMS OF MEDICINE

The Union Ministry of AYUSH and the World Health Organization (WHO) signed the Project Collaboration Agreement (PCA) for cooperation on Global promotion of Traditional Systems of Medicine.

The agreement was signed by Ajit M Sharan, Secretary of Union Ministry of AYUSH and, Dr Marie Kieny, Assistant Director General of Health Systems and Innovations at WHO in Geneva.

Highlights of the Agreement

• The PCA is titled as Co-operation on promoting the quality, safety and effectiveness of service provision in traditional and complementary medicine between WHO and AYUSH, India, 2016-2020.

• It aims at promoting the quality, safety and effectiveness of service provision in traditional and complementary medicine.

• It aims to support WHO in the development and implementation of the WHO Traditional and Complementary Medicine Strategy: 2014-2023.

• It will deliver, for the first time, WHO benchmark document for training in Yoga, and WHO benchmarks for practice in Ayurveda, Unani and Panchakarma.

Comment
This Project Collaboration Agreement (PCA) with WHO is a further recognition of India’s rich experience in the development and governance of traditional medicine.

It will pave the way for India’s long-term collaboration with the WHO in fostering the global promotion and integration of AYUSH systems of medicine including through the inclusion of Ayurveda and Unani in the International Classification of diseases and the International Classification of Health interventions.

DUTCHMAN MAX VERSTAPPEN BECAME YOUNGEST WINNER OF F1 AT SPANISH GRAND PRIX

Dutch teenager, Max Verstappen, became Formula One's youngest race winner after winning the Spanish Grand Prix. Red Bull's Verstappen defeated Ferrari's Kimi Raikkonen by 0.616 seconds.

His teammate Sebastian Vettel stood at the third position.

Verstappen drove to triumph after, Mercedes drivers Lewis Hamilton and Nico Rosberg crashed out in the first lap of the race.

At 18 years and 228 days, Max Verstappen is the youngest race winner in F1 history. The Dutchman was two years and 210 days younger than the previous youngest winner, Sebastian Vettel.

Few days back, Verstappen was promoted from feeder team Toro Rosso in a driver switch with Daniil Kvyat. It was only his second day racing for Red Bull after the surprise switch to the team.

Max Verstappen

• He is the son of former F1 driver Jos Verstappen who never finished better than third in his career.

• He became the first Dutchman to win a Formula One race and just the second to stand on an F1 podium. The other is his father, Jos, who scored two podium finishes in 1994 with Benetton.

• He made debut aged 17 at the 2015 Australian Grand Prix for Toro Rosso, this made him the youngest driver to compete in the history of the sport.

• Verstappen is also the sport’s youngest race leader and youngest podium finisher.

• He is also the youngest F1 point scorer and the youngest driver to start a Grand Prix, both achieved 2015 season.

• Verstappen is the first driver to win in his first race with a new team since Fernando Alonso won on his Ferrari debut in 2010.

• Verstappen’s victory is the first time Red Bull has ever won a Grand Prix when Sebastian Vettel has not been in the team.

RENEWABLE ENERGY COUNTRY ATTRACTIVENESS INDEX 2016 RELEASED: INDIA PLACED AT 3RD POSITION

Global organization EY released the Renewable energy country attractiveness index 2016. The report reveals 40 countries on the attractiveness of their renewable energy investment and deployment opportunities based on a number of indicators.

This year, the European markets slipped down in the EY’s Renewable energy country attractiveness index (RECAI) rankings while less mature markets across Latin America, Africa and Asia continued to rise.

Highlights of the report

• The emerging markets now represent half of the countries in the 40-strong index, including four African markets featuring in the top 30.

• Index was topped by the United States (US) and was followed by China at 2nd position and India at 3rd position.

• Countries like Chile at 4th position, Brazil at 6th position and Mexico at 7th position climbed higher in the index top 10.

• While Germany and France fell in the ranking to 5th and 8th position respectively.

• Argentina was the highest-scoring new entrant in the index. The transformation of the country’s economy brought it into the index in 18th position.

RECAI 2016 scores and rankings

Rank

Country

RECAI Score

1

US

77.0

2

China

76.9

3

India

71.6

4

Chile

70.4

5

Germany

69.0

6

Brazil

67.5

7

Mexico

67.0

8

France

66.7

9

Canada

64.6

10

Australia

63.8

About the RECAI report

• The Renewable energy country attractiveness index (RECAI) ranks 40 markets on the attractiveness of their renewable energy investment and deployment opportunities.

• The ranking is given based on a number of macro, energy market and technology-specific indicators

UR RAO BECOMES FIRST INDIAN TO BE GIVEN IAF HALL OF FAME AWARD

Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) announced that noted space scientist Udupi Ramachandra Rao, popularly known as U. R. Rao, will be honoured with the International Astronautical Federation (IAF) Hall of Fame Award for 2016.

Rao will be honoured in recognition of his outstanding contribution to the progress of astronautics within the framework of the IAF's activities.

The scientist will be presented with the certificate at the 67th International Astronautical Congress, which will be held in Guadalajara in Mexico on 30 September 2016.

Who is Udupi Ramachandra Rao?

U. R. Rao is the former chairman of the Indian Space Research Organisation.

At present, he is the Chairman of the Governing Council of the Physical Research Laboratory at Ahmedabad.

He is also the chancellor of Indian Institute for Space Science and Technology (IIST) at Thiruvananthapuram.

He was awarded the Padma Bhushan by the Government of India in 1976.

He was inducted into the Satellite Hall of Fame, Washington on 19 March 19 2013 at a ceremony organised by the Society of Satellite Professionals International. With this, he became the first Indian to be inducted.

About International Astronautical Federation

The International Astronautical Federation is an international space advocacy organisation based in Paris.

It was founded in 1951 as a non-governmental organization to establish a dialogue between scientists around the world.

It has over 300 members from 66 countries across the world.

It is linked with the International Academy of Astronautics (IAA) and the International Institute of Space Law (IISL) with whom the IAF organises the annual International Astronautical Congress.

The IAF Hall of Fame consists of a permanent gallery of honoured personalities, a citation, biographical information and a picture on the IAF website.

PRESIDENT GAVE HIS ASSENT TO THE NATIONAL ELIGIBILITY CUM ENTRANCE TEST ORDINANCE

  • President Pranab Mukherjee gave his assent to the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test ordinance before he embarked on his China visit.
  • This prepared the ground for exempting State government medical colleges from the Supreme Court-mandated single all-India entrance exam for a year.
  • Stating that the ordinance had given a “firm and statutory” support to the common entrance test, Health Minister J.P. Nadda told a press conference that all postgraduate (PG) admissions will be done through NEET this year.
  • For undergraduate (UG) courses, an exemption has been made for ‘State quota’ seats in government medical colleges and private institutions for this academic session.
  • The Indian Medical Council (Amendment) Ordinance, 2016, and The Dentists (Amendment) Ordinance, 2016, are being promulgated to amend the Indian Medical Council Act, 1956, and Dentists Act, 1948, respectively to make way for a uniform entrance examination for UG and PG courses.
  • This is with a stipulation that for the 2016-17 academic session, the States can opt to conduct their own examinations for UG courses.
  • The first phase of NEET was conducted on May 1, and the second phase is scheduled to be held on July 24.

21ST EDITION OF THE EUROPEAN UNION FILM FESTIVAL IN INDIA

  • Actor-director Ralph Fiennes’ Shakespearean drama Coriolanus will open the 21st edition of the European Union Film Festival here on May 27. The festival will showcase 24 films from 24 European countries.
  • Organised by the Delegation of the European Union and embassies of EU Member States in partnership with local organisations, including the Federation of Film Societies of India.
  • The festival will traverse through 11 cities, including Delhi, Chandigarh, Mumbai, Kolkata, Ahmedabad, Pune, Chennai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Coimbatore and Jodhpur till August 14.
  • The European Union Film Festival has won a special place in the Indian film calendar and in the hearts of viewers by showcasing the wry, the unexpected, the beautiful and even the tragic events of ordinary lives in unfamiliar settings.

RAIN IN NORTH INDIA WILL BE GOOD FOR CROP

  • Widespread rain in the past 24 hours across several parts of the north and central India will boost Kharif sowing, easing concerns over the possible late arrival of monsoon, officials and experts said.
  • In its recent forecast, the India Meteorological Department (IMD) said the monsoon would reach Kerala by June 7.
  • The monsoon rains, that usually reach Kerala by June 1, are crucial for agriculture, more importantly this year after two years of back-to-back drought.
  • Rain occurred in most places of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and in many places of Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand, besides many eastern States, in the past 24 hours, according to the IMD.

IT DEPT TO ‘NAME AND SHAME’ TAXPAYERS WHO HAVE ABOVE ONE CRORE DEFAULT

  • The Income Tax department, beginning this financial year, has decided to ‘name and shame’ all category of taxpayers who have a default of Rs. one crore and above.
  • The department has begun publishing the names of tax defaulters in leading national dailies since last year and has named 67 such defaulters till now with their addresses, contacts, PAN card number and shareholders in case of companies.
  • The earlier exercise was restricted to people with huge defaults to the tune of about Rs. 20-30 crore.

THE POLITICAL CRISIS IN KATHMANDU ESCALATED FURTHER

  • The political crisis in Kathmandu escalated further after a 29-party alliance agitating against the Nepali government boycotted the political talks held in Kathmandu under the leadership of Prime Minister K.P. Sharma Oli.
  • They said that they did not attend the talks as the government did not extend them a formal invitation.
  • After the talks, Prime Minister Oli issued a two-page note mentioning the government’s response to the demands for constitutional amendments made by the Madhesi parties.
  • However, the Madhesis criticised it as an insincere attempt.
  • The Madhesis have been on the warpath since May 14 demanding amendments. The first agitation from September 2015 to February 2016 took place under the Samyukta Loktantrik Madhesi Morcha (SLMM).
  • The present agitation has other groups as well, making it more representative.

PRESIDENT MAITHRIPALA SIRISENA WILL BE THE FIRST LEADER OF SRI LANKA IN THE G-7 SUMMIT

  • Sri Lanka’s President Maithripala Sirisena, who leaves for Japan on Wednesday, will be the first leader of his country to take part in the G-7 summit, to be held in Ise-Shima.
  • Apart from him, Prime Ministers of Bangladesh, Laos, Papua New Guinea and Vietnam and Presidents of Chad and Indonesia are expected.
  • An official release said the invitation extended to Mr. Sirisena “symbolises the positive attitude of the international community towards Sri Lanka’s way forward as a sustainable democracy and a potential economic hub in Asia”.

ACTIONS ON AIR QUALITY REPORTS SAYS AIRR POLLUTION IS RISING

  • The United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA) meeting at Nairobi noted that air pollution has increased by 8 per cent and progress and policies on air quality fall short of what is needed to save millions of lives each year.
  • The UNEA report “Actions on Air Quality”, said the declining air quality across the globe was threatening to add to the seven million air pollution deaths across the world in what was described as a ‘’global public health emergency.”
  • A snapshot on the actions on air quality taken by countries across different regions saw India figure high among those with stringent air quality laws and regulations but it was also among those countries where burning of both agricultural and municipal wastes is not regulated and commonly practised.
  • This underlined the glaring gap between expression of intent and the ground that needs to be covered in implementing the policies.
  • While India was ranked among countries where major investments have been made in public transport in the last 5 years, it also figures among nations with neither low sulphur fuels (50 ppm) nor advanced vehicle emission standards.
  • The report noted that “India with major air quality challenges in many cities has established air quality laws besides regulation and implementation strategies for them.”
  • The report comes close on the heels of World Health Organisation (WHO) findings which listed 13 of India’s cities among the world’s top 20 polluted cities.
  • The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Executive Director Achim Steiner spoke of “reclaiming our air’’ as more and more people around the world are affected by air pollution and the negative health affects.
  • More than 80 per cent of the people live in urban areas and are exposed to pollutants that exceed the WHO limits and have a bearing on lives, productivity and the economy of the countries concerned, according to the report.
  • The cost of reducing air pollution in 2010 for India was pegged at $0.5 trillion and $1.4 trillion for China.
  • However, on an optimistic note, the report said there have been improvements in access to cleaner cooking fuels and efforts point to a growing momentum for change.

SOLAR STORMS MAY HAVE PROVIDED THE CRUCIAL ENERGY NEEDED TO WARM EARTH

  • Solar storms four billion years ago may have provided the crucial energy needed to warm Earth and seed life despite the Sun’s faintness, new research has revealed.
  • Some four billion years ago, the sun shone with only about three-quarters the brightness we see today, but its surface roiled with giant eruptions spewing enormous amounts of solar material and radiation out into space.
  • The eruptions also may have furnished the energy needed to turn simple molecules into the complex molecules such as RNA and DNA that were necessary for life, said NASA researchers.
  • That means Earth should have been an icy ball. Instead, geological evidence says it was a warm globe with liquid water.
  • Understanding what conditions were necessary for life on our planet helps us both trace the origins of life on Earth and guide the search for life on other planets.
  • Until now, however, fully mapping Earth’s evolution has been hindered by the simple fact that the young Sun wasn’t luminous enough to warm Earth.
  • Scientists are able to piece together the history of the Sun by searching for similar stars in our galaxy. By placing these sun-like stars in order according to their age, the stars appear as a functional timeline of how our own Sun evolved.
  • Such flares are often accompanied by huge clouds of solar material, called coronal mass ejections or CMEs which erupt out into space. NASA’s Kepler mission has found stars that resemble our Sun about a few million years after its birth.
  • The Kepler data showed many examples of what are called “superflares” — enormous explosions so rare today that we only experience them once every 100 years or so.
  • Yet the Kepler data also show these youngsters producing as many as 10 superflares a day.

IOR NATIONS DECIDED TO EVOLVE MECHANISM ON SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONES

  • India and several other nations bordering the Indian Ocean have decided to evolve a regional mechanism for cooperation on Special Economic Zones (SEZ) – or duty-free enclaves with tax holidays — to boost exports.
  • The first-of-its-kind meeting between SEZ authorities from these Indian Ocean Rim (IOR) nations was held on May 19-20 at Chabahar, Iran, which houses a Free Trade Zone (FTZ) – a synonym for SEZs.
  • The meeting comes at a time of global economic and trade slowdown and attempts are being made by countries to boost growth through trade.
  • Participants at the Chabahar meet also considered a proposal to form a “joint FTZ” among the IOR Association (IORA) member countries since most of these FTZs are situated or are being built in coastal regions. \
  • The meeting also assumes importance given that India had on Monday signed a pact with Iran to develop the Chabahar port, and agreed to provide $500 million for the purpose.
  • A World Bank said, “More and more countries have begun to implement this instrument (SEZs) for their industrialization process, especially as a way of attracting foreign direct investments mostly in the manufacturing sector, creating jobs, generating exports and foreign exchanges.”
  • It noted that some countries have been successful while others, particularly those in sub-Saharan Africa, were still struggling.

GOVT. AIMS AT TOP 30 SLOT FOR EASE OF DOING BUSINESS

  • Amitabh Kant, Niti Aayog Chief Executive Officer, said the government wants India to be among the top 30 countries in terms of ease of doing business over the next three to four years.
  • According to the World Bank's Doing Business Report 2016, India ranks 130 out of 189 countries.
  • “This is one government that is focused on innovation and trying to make India an easy, simple place to do business,” Mr. Kant said.
  • India had gained 12 positions in ease of doing business, Mr. Kant said.
  • The government had taken various steps, which include bringing in a bankruptcy law, an e-biz platform for single channel of approvals and a national company law tribunal, he said.
  • India could be a leading player and attract $7 billion or 4.5 per cent of the world's investments by 2020, according to the report.

 

 


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Last Updated on Monday, 30 May 2016 08:00
 

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