Friday, 06 May 2016 02:57


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06 - MAY - 2016



The Shyam Benegal-headed committee constituted to revamp Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC) submitted its report to Information & Broadcasting Minister Arun Jaitley.

The committee has recommended that CBFC should only be a film certification body whose scope should be restricted to categorizing the suitability of the film to audience groups on the basis of age and maturity.

Objective of the Guidelines

a) Children and adults are protected from potentially harmful or unsuitable content

b) Audiences, particularly parents are empowered to make informed viewing decisions

c) Artistic expression and creative freedom are not unduly curbed in the process of classification of films

d) The process of certification by CBFC is responsive, at all times, to social change

e) The certification by CBFC keeps within the rights and obligations as laid down in the Indian Constitution.

Certification of Films

• The certification of films shall be carried out in accordance with the Guidelines proposed for certification that have been split into three sections, with each section required to be read with the other two – General Guidelines, Issue Related Guidelines and Category Specific Guidelines.

• Recertification of a film for purposes of telecast on television or for any other purpose should be permitted.

• Out-of-turn certification may be permitted for which the applicant would have to pay five times the fee that would have to be paid if the certification were done in the normal course.

• The board can refuse certification under certain cases like

a) When a film contains anything that contravenes the provisions of Section 5B (1) of the Cinematograph Act, 1952.

b) Certification can also be refused, when content in a film crosses the ceiling laid down in the highest category of certification.

• The applicant must specify the category of certification being sought and the target audience

Categorisation of Films

Regarding the categorisation of films, the committee recommends that it should be more specific and apart from U category, the UA Category can be broken up into further sub-categories – UA12+ & UA15+. The A category should also be sub-divided into A and AC (Adult with Caution) categories.

Criteria for Appointment to Regional Advisory Panel

All nine regions will have advisory panels comprising persons who are acquainted with the languages being certified by that regional office.

a) Members from all walks of life, recommended by the National Film Development Corporation to the Central Government – 25%

b) Members of the general public recommended by the FFSI (Federation of Film Societies of India) - 25%

c) Members recommended by the National Council for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) and National Commission of Women (NCW)- 25%

d) Representatives of the local film industry, as recommended by FFI (Film Federation of India) – 25%

e) Women to have 50% representation on each Panel.

Functioning of the Board

• The Board, including Chairman, should only play the role of a guiding mechanism for the CBFC, and not be involved in the day-to-day affairs of certification of films.

• The functions of the Board shall be confined to the duties defined in the existing CBFC rules, which inter alia include an annual review of CBFC work, submission of annual report to the government, review of public reactions to films, and periodic recommendations for revision of guidelines.

• Given these limited functions, the size of the Board should be compact with one member representing each Regional Office. Therefore, the total composition of the Board should not be more than nine members and one Chairman.

Other recommendations

• In order to preserve Indian Cinema, the committee recommends that every applicant be asked to deposit the Director’s Cut in the NFAI for preservation of Indian Cinema, instead of the certified version, in order to truly reflect the cinematic history of Indian cinema.

• Also recommended steps for issues of certification relating to clearances to be obtained from the Animal Welfare Board under the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act

• Also recommended steps for issues relating to depiction of smoking in films wherein films are required to show a disclaimer in every scene that involves smoking, as per a directive from the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

The Shyam Benegal committee was constituted on 1 January 2016 by the Information and Broadcasting ministry for holistic interpretation of the provisions of the Cinematograph Act, 1952. The committee was asked to take note of the best practices in other parts of the world, especially where the film industry is given sufficient and adequate space for creative and aesthetic expression.

The panel also included actor-filmmaker Kamal Hassan, filmmaker Rakeysh Omprakash Mehra, adman Piyush Pandey and film journalist Bhawana Somayaa, Nina Lath Gupta and Joint Secretary (Films) as Member Convenor.


A Naval Detachment (NAVDET) was inaugurated at the Androth Island of Lakshadweep Vice Admiral Girish Luthra, AVSM, VSM, Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Southern Naval Command.

The Officer-In-Charge of the Detachment is Lt Cdr Angom B Singh who will function under the Naval Officer-in-Charge (Lakshadweep and Minicoy Island). 
How the setting up of naval detachment beneficial?

• The setting up of this naval detachment will extend Indian naval presence at Androth Island.

• It will provide communication network connectivity with mainland.

• It will enable Sea Lanes of Communication (SLOC) monitoring

• It will function as an Observance and reporting organisation, besides radar surveillance.

The setting up of a Naval Detachment at Androth Island will enhance the Navy’s reach and surveillance, and contribute significantly to strengthen maritime security and stability.

Lakshadweep and Mnicoy Islands occupy a strategic location in the Arabian Sea. A number of shipping lanes pass close to these islands. A number of infrastructure facilities at naval units located on Kavaratti, Minicoy, Agatti and Androth islands are also being progressively upgraded.

The Naval Detachment at Kavaratti was commissioned as a naval establishment, INS Dweeprakshak in 2012. Suitable ships are also being based at the Islands to provide enhanced surveillance and immediate response capability.


Supreme Court appointed senior advocate Gopal Subramanium as ‘amicus curiae’ and requested his assistance to explore how the recommendations of the Justice RM Lodha committee could be implemented.

The recommendations pertain to large-scale structural reforms that the BCCI has been resisting.

Further, he will examine the main matter in which the state associations argued that the implementation of several recommendations of the RMLodha committee would violate their fundamental right under Article 19 (i)(c) of the Indian Constitution to form an association.

He will also assist the court in establishing the legal validity of certain recommendations of the Lodha committee, if the same were to be implemented by the court on the BCCI.

On examining the report, he may also suggest modifications to the committee's recommendations if he feels the implementation of the same would be unconstitutional.

The amicus curiae's findings are not bindable to the court but are taken seriously as the court itself asked for the assistance.

Subramanium is a high-profile and widely respected senior advocate who also served as the solicitor general of India from 2009 to 2011.


Japan's Olympic organisers unveiled the new official logos of the 2020 Tokyo Olympic and Paralympic Games. The emblems,designed by Asao Tokolo, feature an indigo-coloured check in the design.

The Olympic logo features a circular Japanese traditional checkered pattern. Below the design are the words Tokyo 2020 and under them the five interlocking Olympic rings. The design is meant to express a refined elegance and sophistication that exemplifies Japan.

The logos used traditional Japanese colours and patterns to represent the intercultural themes of the games. The logos incorporate the message of unity in diversity, and the idea that the Games seek to promote diversity as a platform to connect the world.

Controversy related to Olympic emblems

The initial design for the official emblems of the 2020 Summer Olympics and Paralympics were unveiled on 24 July 2015. The logo resembled a stylized T, a red circle in the top-right corner represented a beating heart, the flag of Japan, and an inclusive world in which everyone accepts each other, and a black column in the centre represented diversity.

However, shortly after the unveiling, Belgian graphics designer Olivier Debie accused the organizing committee of plagiarizing a logo that he had designed for the Théâtre de Liège. Debie’s design, aside from the circle, consisted of nearly identical shapes.

The emblem's designer, Kenjiro Sano, defended the design, stating that he had never seen the Liège logo. However, Sano was found to have had a history of plagiarism.

On 1 September 2015, following an emergency meeting of Tokyo Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games (TOCOG), Governor of Tokyo Yoichi Masuzoe announced that they had decided to scrap Sano's two logos.

On 24 November 2015, an Emblems Selection Committee was established to organize an open call for design proposals.

On 8 April 2016, a new shortlist of four pairs of designs for the Olympics and Paralympics were unveiled by the Emblems Selection Committee.

About 2020 Summer Olympics

The 2020 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXXII Olympiad, is a major international multi-sport event.

The games are planned to be held from 24 July 2020 to 9 August 2020 in Tokyo, Japan.

Tokyo was announced as the host city at the 125th IOC Session in Buenos Aires, Argentina, on 7 September 2013.

Tokyo previously hosted the 1964 Summer Olympic Games, and in 2020 will become the fifth city to host the Summer Olympic Games more than once.

The city will also be hosting the 2020 Summer Paralympics.


  • The Expenditure Finance Committee approved projects worth nearly Rs. 3,000 crore for the government’s flagship programme, NamamiGange.
  • This is the biggest-ever approval for projects meant to clean up the Ganga — till now a total of Rs. 4,000 crore has been spent on cleaning the river through many governments since 1985.
  • A decision has been taken to fast-track the integrated Ganga conservation programme, a year after the Union Cabinet approved it in May 2015.
  • Mr. Modi, who launched environment friendly e-boats at the Assi Ghat of the Ganga in Varanasi, is expected to review the progress after the end of the current session of Parliament.
  • A meeting of the general body of the National Mission for Clean Ganga has also been called.This will be the first meeting of the body since it was set up in 2010. The post of its Mission Director that had been lying vacant for months was filled last week.
  • Rajat Bhargava, a Joint Secretary in the Water Resources Ministry, has been appointed the new Mission Director.


  • Many natural and mixed World Heritage Sites, including the Western Ghats, are threatened by harmful industrial activities such as mining, says a report.
  • The harmful industrial activities include oil and gas exploration and extraction, mining, illegal logging and large-scale constructions, according to the report, ‘Protecting people through nature’.
  • This is prepared by the World Wildlife Fund and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
  • Three of the seven such Indian sites — Manas Wildlife Sanctuary, Sundarbans, and the serial sites of Western Ghats — have been listed as being under threat.
  • The report highlights that the Western Ghats support “the single largest population of endangered Asian elephants and vulnerable Indian bison.”
  • The report concludes that “nearly half of all natural World Heritage Sites, including the Grand Canyon and the Great Barrier Reef, are threatened by industrial activities.”
  • On Western Ghats, the report says the sites are facing “extractive threats” in the form of “oil and gas concessions” and “mines and mining concessions.”
  • The Manas Wildlife Sanctuary faces unsustainable water use whereas Sundarbans has issues related to water management.
  • The survey estimates that 11 million people directly depend on the World Heritage Sites for food, water, shelter, and medicine.
  • The harmful industrial development poses a threat to these ‘ecosystem services and the communities that depend on them.


  • Supreme Court Endorsed a Parliamentary Standing Committee report of March 2016 that medical education and profession in the country is at its “lowest ebb” and suffering from “total system failure” due to corruption and decay.
  • The Supreme Courtused its powers under the Constitution to set up a three-member committee, headed by former Chief Justice of India R.M. Lodha, to oversee the functioning of the Medical Council of India (MCI) for at least a year.
  • A Constitution Bench said that SC was constrained to exercise its extraordinary powers under Article 142 of the Constitution as the government had not acted on the report of the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Health and Family Welfare.
  • The judgment referred to the parliamentary panel report, which described the MCI as an “ossified and opaque body” unable to cope with the “humongous” task of managing medical education in over 400 colleges across the country.
  • “Quality of medical education is at its lowest ebb, the right type of health professionals were not able to meet the basic health needs of the country.
  • Products coming out of medical colleges are ill-prepared to serve in poor resource settings like Primary Health Centres.
  • Graduates lacked competence in performing basic health care tasks. Unethical practices continued to grow.


  • Industrialist and independent Rajya Sabha member Vijay Mallya has resigned his membership of the Upper House.
  • The Ethics Committee of the House seemed set to recommend his expulsion.
  • In his resignation letter, he is believed to have said he did not want his reputation further sullied.
  • Mr. Mallya left India early in March apparently for the U.K. after having “defaulted” on more than Rs. 9,000 crore of bank loans.
  • Last week, the Centre sought his deportation from the U.K.


  • China has invited Asian countries to join Beijing in framing a security governance model with “Asian features” to counter the U.S. ‘rebalance’ to the region.
  • China’s formal invite to neighbours to pursue a regional security doctrine that is led by Beijing, and not by the U.S., came during foreign ministerial Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA) in the Chinese capital.
  • President Xi Jiniping urged participants “to build consensus and step up dialogue” to foster “a security governance model with Asian features”.
  • Details about what could emerge as China-centric collective security architecture in the Asia-Pacific are still a work-in-progress.
  • The write-up grounded the rationale for its new initiative on the failure of the ‘Pivot to Asia’ or ‘rebalance’ doctrine of the Obama administration.
  • It asserted that “the launch of the Asia-Pacific rebalance strategy by the U.S. in recent years did not bring Asia peace, but only uncertainty”.
  • Tensions between the U.S. and China have spiked after the Chinese responded to the ‘pivot’ with fresh activism in the South China Sea, including construction of artificial islands within waters claimed and controlled by Beijing.
  • Washington has dubbed the growing Chinese assertion as a danger to “freedom of navigation” which could hamper the $5.3 trillion trade that passes through the South China Sea— a charge that Beijing denies.
  • In the run up to the espousal of its new doctrine, the Chinese have launched a regional diplomatic offensive to reinforce that an Asian home-grown solution was the best way to resolve maritime disputes confronting the region.
  • Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi embarked on a whirlwind visit to Cambodia, Laos and Brunei, to cull out what the Chinese Foreign Ministry described as “an important consensus” on the South China Sea issue.


  • The lone Italian marine, Salvatore Girone, facing a murder charge in India could return home soon in the wake of a decision of an international tribunal at The Hague.
  • The verdict is the first big pronouncement of the PCA (Permanent Court of Arbitration, The Hague), after Italy approached it in June 2015.
  • Two Italian marines — MassimilianoLatorre and Mr. Girone are facing the charge of murdering two Indian fishermen in 2012 off the Kerala coast.
  • The fishermen were killed when the marines on duty aboard MV Enrica Lexie, an Italian-flagged oil tanker, fired at them.
  • Mr. Latorre is back in Italy after a stroke in 2014 while Mr. Girone is staying at the Italian embassy.
  • However, differences have cropped up between the two countries over the details of the verdict which will govern the marine’s return.
  • While India has claimed that the verdict upholds the Supreme Court’s authority, Italian officials have said it is a vindication of their position that India has no jurisdiction.
  • “The Tribunal left it to the Supreme Court of India to fix the precise conditions of Sergeant Girone’s bail.”
  • “This could include him reporting to an authority in Italy designated by our Supreme Court, surrendering his passport to Italian authorities and not leaving Italy without the permission of our Supreme Court,” said a statement from MEA.


  • An international team of scientists said that they had discovered a trio of Earth-like planets that are the best bet so far for finding life outside our solar system.
  • The three orbit a dwarf star a mere 39 light-years away, and are likely comparable in size and temperature to Earth and Venus, they reported in a study, published in Nature .
  • This is the first opportunity to find chemical traces of life outside our solar system.
  • The planets had the “winning combination” of being similar in size to Earth, “potentially habitable” and close enough so their atmospheres can be analysed with current technology.
  • Scientists calibrated a 60-centimetre telescope in Chile, known as TRAPPIST, to track several dozen dwarf stars neither big nor hot enough to be visible with optical telescopes.
  • They zeroed in on a particularly promising one — now known as TRAPPIST-1 — about one eighth the size of the Sun, and significantly cooler.
  • The astronomers noticed that its infrared signal faded slightly at regular intervals, evidence of objects in orbit. Analysis confirmed they were exoplanets — planets revolving around stars outside our solar system.
  • The innermost two circle their dwarf star every 1.5 and 2.4 days. The more distant orbit of the third planet takes between four and 73 days.


  • Factories in India are becoming increasingly efficient, with the net value added per factory increasing by 24 per cent in the five years from 2009-10 till 2013-14, the latest period for which the government released data.
  • The net value added per factory in operation increased from Rs.3.88 crore in 2009-10 to Rs.4.82 crore in 2013-14, according to the Annual Survey of Industries2013-14.
  • Similarly, the net value added per person engaged also increased from Rs. 5.02 lakh to Rs. 6.6 lakh over the same period.
  • Output per unit of capital employed has been increasing. Also, companies are become more capital intensive, which may imply that labour-saving technology is being used.
  • The survey data shows the value of fixed capital per factor in operation increased from Rs. 1,212 lakh in 2012-13 to Rs. 1,278 lakh in 2013-14, which is much higher than the Rs. 886 lakh it was at in 2009-10.
  • Coupled with this, the number of people engaged per factory has come down, albeit marginally, from 77 in 2009-10 to 72 in 2012-13 and 73 in 2013-14.
  • This is symptomatic of jobless growth, which is when factories are trying to automate and increase technology usage to improve productivity while keeping employment constant.
  • This push for automation and decreased labour costs has resulted in the overall output per person engaged also seeing a steady increase, growing from Rs. 31.6 lakh in 2009-10 to Rs. 48.4 lakh in 2012-13.
  • The overall view is that, with the global economy still being subdued, companies are looking to use their existing capacity more efficiently rather than investing in capacity expansion.
  • And, with capacity utilisation still relatively low, this suggests that there is still more room to improve efficiencies.


  • India's infrastructure sectors clocked their highest growth in 16 months in March 2016, with the index for core industries climbing 6.4 per cent, buoyed by a sharp uptick in the output of cement, electricity, fertilisers and refinery products.
  • The advance in the index in March followed a growth of 5.7 per cent in February, leading economists to cautiously consider it a sign of likely recovery in the economy.
  • This is clearly a sign of recovery setting in the economy. The reforms that took place in both coal and power sectors will start to bear fruit now.
  • The fertiliser sector grew at 23 per cent in March 2016, up from 16.3 per cent in February. The cement sector saw a growth of 11.9 per cent in March 2016, slower than the 13.5 per cent it saw in February.
  • The electricity sector grew at 11.3 per cent in March 2016, significantly faster than the 9.2 per cent seen in February.
  • This shows that the government’s support for developing infrastructure is finally kicking in.”
  • However PMI data is not so optimistic. It is unusual that the core sector numbers are up, but PMI in manufacturing has gone down.
  • Growth in the coal sector slowed to 1.7 per cent in March compared to 3.8 per cent in February, while the crude oil sector contracted sharply by 5.1 per cent in March compared to a growth of 0.8 per cent in February.
  • Another reason why the jubilation over a recovery might be premature is that the strong growth in March 2016 could likely be a result of a base effect brought on by the contraction seen in the index in March 2015.
  • The index of eight core industries contracted 0.7 per cent in March 2015.
  • This comparison shows that the index grew 5.6 per cent in March 2016 over its level two years previously.


  • Developing nations, including India, are facing a double disadvantage at the World Trade Organisation’s (WTO) Dispute Settlement Body (DSB).
  • Commerce Secretary said these nations are challenged not only by the lack of a sufficient pool of trade law experts to represent them effectively at the DSB but also by certain efforts to bring within the body’s ambit non-trade issues such as labour and environment.
  • She said “ Labour and environment cases would pose a great challenge for developing nations because very often these are conditions that add as restrictions in the freedom of trade particularly for developing countries.”
  • With the global trade slowdown and the consequent rise in trade restrictive measures taken by many countries, the world is witnessing increasing use of trade remedies.
  • There are only a few Indian law firms in trade law practice, Ms. Teaotia said. Therefore, to handle India’s trade disputes with other countries, the government has been engaging both international and Indian law firms.
  • The official said the commerce ministry was trying to build capacity to comprehensively track the trade restrictive measures taken by other countries, especially those that hurt India’s exports.
  • The developed world, however, is keen that the WTO addresses, what they call, global trade’s “new challenges”, including labour and environment.


  • The Supreme Court said State cricket associations would have no choice but comply with the Supreme Court-appointed Justice R.M. Lodha Committee recommendations to reform Indian cricket once the apex court gives the final word.
  • The court said that some of the suggestions of the Justice Lodha panel report had already been incorporated by the BCCI, and the court was presently weighing those the BCCI was objecting to.
  • “The committee constituted in wake of match-fixing and spot-fixing allegations was a serious exercise and not futile exercise,” Chief Justice Thakur observed.
  • The observations were directed at various cricket associations and sports bodies who set to either lose their memberships in full or would be reduced from their status as full members to associate members.
  • They will have no voting rights on the Board in case the ‘one State, one member, one vote’ recommendation of the Justice Lodha panel gets the apex court’s green signal.
  • The court referred to the Lodha report to say that whatever structural changes done within the cricket administration mechanism so far was only cosmetic and more needs to be implemented.



When I think of people in my life, be it friends, family, acquaintances, employees, co-workers, whomever. They are all placed inside what we called our tree test. It goes like this:
Some people come into your life and they are like leaves on a tree. They are only there for a season. You can't depend on them or count on them because they are weak and only there to give you shade. Like leaves, they are there to take what they need and as soon as it gets cold or a wind blows in your life they are gone. You can't be angry at them, it's just who they are.
There are some people who come into your life and they are like branches on a tree. They are stronger than leaves, but you have to be careful with them. They will stick around through most seasons, but if you go through a storm or two in your life it's possible that you could lose them.
Most times they break away when it's tough. Although they are stronger than leaves, you have to test them out before you run out there and put all your weight on them. In most cases they can't handle too much weight. But again, you can't be mad with them, it's just who they are.
If you can find some people in your life who are like the roots of a tree then you have found something special. Like the roots of a tree, they are hard to find because they are not trying to be seen. Their only job is to hold you up and help you live a strong and healthy life. If you thrive, they are happy. They stay low key and don't let the world know that they are there. And if you go through an awful storm they will hold you up. Their job is to hold you up, come what may, and to nourish you, feed you and water you.
Just as a tree has many limbs and many leaves, but few roots, so are human beings too!! Look at your own life.

#‎RAY‬ - ‪#‎Empowering‬ ‪#‎Talent‬ ‪#‎Since‬ 1971

Last Updated on Saturday, 07 May 2016 03:23