Tuesday, 02 February 2016 04:20



02 -FEBRUARY - 2016



Prime Minister Narendra Modi presented the National Bravery Awards to 25 children.

This award scheme was initiated by the Indian Council for Child Welfare (ICCW) to give due recognition to the children who distinguish themselves by performing outstanding deeds of bravery and meritorious service and to inspire other children to emulate their examples.

It was in 1957 that two children, a boy and a girl were first rewarded for their presence of mind and courage by then Prime Minister Nehru. Since then ICCW confers these awards on children every year.

In 1987-88 ICCW instituted the Bharat Award for an exceptionally outstanding, meritorious and gallant deed. The other special awards include the Geeta Chopra and Sanjay Chopra awards (instituted by ICCW in 1978) and the BapuGaidhani Awards (instituted in 1988-89).

The selection of the awards is made by a high powered Committee constituted by ICCW comprising representatives from various Government Departments, some NGOs and Office-Bearers and members of ICCW.

The awards are presented by the Prime Minister of India prior to Republic Day and the children then participate in the Republic Day Parade.


A Kerala dentist Sajeev Koshy settled in Melbourne was honoured with the highest civilian honour, the Order of Australia.

Koshy was given the award for his service to dentistry in Victoria, Australia. He was honoured on the Australia Day Awards 2016, by the Governor General of Australia.

Who is Sajeev Koshy?

Koshy has served as the president of the Kerala Dental Council and president of the Indian Dental Association.

He is currently the head of the endodontics at the Royal Melbourne Dental Hospital, which is the teaching hospital for the University of Melbourne.

About Order of Australia

The Order of Australia is an order of chivalry established on 14 February 1975 by Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia.

It is awarded to recognise Australian citizens and other persons for achievement or meritorious service.

Before the establishment of the order, Australian citizens would receive British honours.


President Pranab Mukherjee announced the winners of the Padma Awards 2016. The list comprises of 10 Padma Vibhushan, 19 Padma Bhushan and 83 Padma Shri Awardees.

19 of the awardees in the list are women and the list also includes 10 persons in the category of foreigners, NRIs, PIOs and 4 posthumous awardees.

List of Padma Vibhushan Awardees

Sl. No





Yamini Krishnamurthi

Art- Classical dance





Tamil Nadu


Girija Devi

Art-Classical Vocal

West Bengal


Ramoji Rao

Literature & Education-Journalism

Andhra Pradesh


Viswanathan Shanta


Tamil Nadu


Shri Shri Ravi Shankar





Public Affairs



Vasudev Kalkunte Aatre

Science & Engineering



Avinash Dixit (Foreigner)

Literature & Education



Late Shri Dhiru Bhai Ambani (Posthumous)

Trade & Industry


About Padma Awards

Padma Awards are one of the highest civilian Awards of India. The awards are conferred in three categories namely, Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri.

The Awards are given in various disciplines or fields of activities including art, social work, public affairs, science and engineering, trade and industry, medicine, literature and education, sports, civil service, etc.

Padma Vibhushan is awarded for exceptional and distinguished service; Padma Bhushan is awarded for distinguished service of high order and Padma Shri for distinguished service in any field.

The awards are announced on the occasion of Republic Day every year. While, they are conferred by the President of India at ceremonial function at Rashtrapati Bhawan usually around March every year.


Veteran Bollywood actress Rekha was honoured with the third Yash Chopra Memorial Award in Mumbai.

Maharashtra Governor C Vidyasagar Rao presented the award to the actress in recognition of her talent and contribution to the film industry.

About Rekha

The actress was born on 10 October 1954 as Bhanu Rekha Ganesan in Chennai, Tamil Nadu.

She started her career in 1966 as a child actress in the Telugu filmRangula Ratnam.

Her film debut as a lead happened with Sawan Bhadon in 1970.

She has won three Filmfare Awards, two for Best Actress and one for Best Supporting Actress, for her roles in KhubsooratKhoon Bhari Maang and Khiladiyon Ka Khiladi, respectively.

Her portrayal of a classical courtesan in Umrao Jaan won her the National Film Award for Best Actress.

In 2010, she was honoured with the Padma Shri by the Government of India.

About National Yash Chopra Memorial Award

The National Yash Chopra Memorial Award was instituted by the TSR Foundation of T Subbarami Reddy in the memory of the producer-director Yash Chopra, who died in 2012.

The Foundation annually honours a distinguished senior film personality for outstanding contribution to film industry with a Gold Medal and a cash prize of 10 lakh rupees.

Previous recipients of the award include Melody Queen Lata Mangeshkar and megastar Amitabh Bachchan.


India and France inked 14 Agreements/MoUs in Delhi. The agreements including MoU on purchase of 36 Rafale Aircrafts were signed during the State Visit of President Francois Hollande of France to India.

Hollande was the Chief Guest at the 67th India’s Republic Day (26 January 2016) celebrations. He was the fifth French leader to be a chief guest at India’s Republic Day celebrations, maximum number from any country so far.

The 14 agreements/MoUs are

• MoU on purchase of 36 Rafale Aircrafts

• Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and Centre National D'études Spatiales (CNES) Implementation Arrangement on hosting Argos-4 Payload onboard India’s Oceansat-3 satellite

• ISRO and CNES Implementation Arrangement on a future joint Thermal Infrared earth observation mission

• Letter of Intent on CNES, France participation in ISRO’s next Mars Mission

• Shareholding Agreement on JV between Alstom and Indian Railways for production of 800 electric locomotives in Madhepura Bihar

• Agreement between Indian Railways and SNCF, French Railways for joint feasibility study for the renovation of Ludhiana and Ambala railway stations

• MOU between Food Safety & Standards Authority of India and Agence nationale de sécurité sanitaire de l'alimentation (ANSES) in food safety

• Partnership Agreement on Cooperation in Public Administration between Ministry of Personnel & Public Grievances and French

• Declaration of Intent for conducting next round of Namaste France (Indian festival) in 2016 and Bonjour India (French festival) 2017

• Cultural Exchange Programme for the period 2016-2018

• Arrangement for establishment of an Indo- French Ministerial level Joint Committee on Science & Technology

• MoU for Industry Sponsored PhD Fellowship between IIT Mumbai and Thales Systemes Aeroportes

• Cooperation Agreement between IISER, Pune and ENS de Lyon (France) for joint research, teaching, exchange of personnel etc.

• Agreement of Cooperation between CNRS, TB, UBO, UBS, ENSTA Bretagne, ENIB (French Universities) and IIT Mumbai in the field of Higher Education & Research.

These 14 agreements were inked a day after the two nations exchanged16 agreements at the India-France Business Summit in Chandigarh on 24 January 2016.


Cottalango Leon, a person of Indian origin, was selected for the 2016 Technical Achievement Award of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.

Leon won the award under the Scientific and Technical Achievements category for the design, engineering and continuous development ofSony Pictures Imageworks Itview along with his two team members J Robert Ray and Sam Richards. It is a tool used only within Sony Imageworks.

Dubbed as itview, the software makes review of movie segments by artists at various levels a lot easier during film making.

He joined another person of Indian origin Rahul Thakkar who also was named as one of the winners of Scientific and Technical Awards 2016 of Academy Awards.

About Cottalango Leon

• Born in Thoothukudi, Leon grew up in Coimbatore and did his schooling from there itself.

• He did BE at PSG College of Technology during 1988 to 1992 and got his Master’s degree at Arizona State University in 1996.

• He began to work on Sony Pictures Imageworks Itview as his first project in 1996.

• Cottalango has several hit films to his credit including names like Spiderman' series, Men In Black series, Hotel Transylvania, The Smurfs, Cloudy With The Chance of Meatballs, Open Season and Stuart Little.

About the Technical Achievement Awards

Technical Achievement Awards are given annually for accomplishments that contribute to the progress of the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.

The academy presents 10 scientific and technical achievements every year. The winners get a printed certificate detailing the achievement and listing the names of all of the individuals who contributed to its development at an annual award ceremony.


President Pranab Mukherjee, awarded India’s highest peacetime gallantry award Ashoka Chakra, posthumously to Lance Naik Mohan Nath Goswami of 9 Para (Special Forces) of the Rashtriya Rifles.

Why was he selected for Ashoka Chakra award?

• For making a supreme sacrifice in the highest traditions of the Indian Army.

• He exhibited the most outstanding gallantry in personally killing two terrorists and also assisted in neutralizing another two and saved the lives of three of his wounded colleagues in a fierce encounter with four terrorists at Kupwara district of Jammu and Kashmir.

What is Ashoka Chakra award?

• It was established as Ashoka Chakra, Class I by the President of India on 4 January 1952 which came into effect from 15 August 1947.

• It is the highest Indian peacetime gallantry award which was constituted on similar lines of the British Awards of the George Cross.

• It was constituted as Ashok Chakra Class I along with Ashok Chakra Class II and III. These awards were renamed as the Ashoka, Kirti and Shaurya Chakras in 1967.

• It is awarded for valor, courageous action or self sacrifice away from the battlefield.

• Each recipient of the award will get 2800 rupees per month.


Transparency International released the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) 2015. The Index measured the perceived levels of public sector corruption in 168 countries and territories across the world.

The CPI 2015 showed that although corruption is still rife globally, more countries improved their scores in the edition than declined. The index further suggested that people working together can succeed in the battle against corruption.

While Denmark, with rank 1, was adjudged as the most corruption-free country among the surveyed countries, India was placed at the 76th place with 38 points. India was at the 85th position among the 175 countries surveyed in the CPI 2014.

Highlights of the Index

• The index was topped by Denmark with a score of 91. It was followed by Finland and Sweden with a score of 90 and 89 respectively. While New Zealand was at the fourth place, Netherlands and Norway shared the fifth place with 87 points.

• At the bottom of the list were Angola (163), South Sudan (163), Sudan (165), Afghanistan (166) and North Korea and Somalia shared the last place at 167 with a score of 8 each.

• Overall, two-thirds of the 168 countries on the 2015 index scored below 50, on a scale from 0 (perceived to be highly corrupt) to 100 (perceived to be very clean).

• Yet in places like Guatemala, Sri Lanka and Ghana, citizen activists in groups and on their own worked hard to drive out the corrupt, sending a strong message that should encourage others to take decisive action in 2016.

• Top performers share key characteristics: high levels of press freedom; access to budget information so the public knows where money comes from and how it is spent; high levels of integrity among people in power; and judiciaries that don’t differentiate between rich and poor, and that are truly independent from other parts of government.

• In addition to conflict and war, poor governance, weak public institutions like police and the judiciary, and a lack of independence in the media characterise the lowest ranked countries.

• The big decliners in the past 4 years include Libya, Australia, Brazil, Spain and Turkey. The big improvers include Greece, Senegal and UK.

• Brazil was the biggest decliner in the index, falling 5 points and dropping 7 positions to a rank of 76. The unfolding Petrobras scandal brought people into the streets in 2015 and the start of judicial process may help Brazil stop corruption.

Key trends

• More than 6 billion people live in countries with a serious corruption problem. The scale of the issue is huge. 68 per cent of countries worldwide have a serious corruption problem and half of the G20 are among them.

• Poor countries lose 1 trillion US dollars a year to corruption.

• Five of the 10 most corrupt countries also rank among the 10 least peaceful places in the world.

• In Afghanistan, millions of dollars that should have gone on reconstruction have been reportedly wasted or stolen, seriously undermining efforts to sustain peace.

• Many “clean” countries have dodgy records overseas. For example, Sweden came third in the index, yet the Swedish-Finnish firm TeliaSonera – 37 per cent owned by the Swedish state – is facing allegations that it paid millions of dollars in bribes to secure business in Uzbekistan, which was at the 153rd in the index.

BRICS economies

Corruption and money laundering are also problems for the other BRIC countries. South Africa was the highest ranked country in the BRICS. It is ranked 61 with a score of 44. Next among the BRICS were Brazil and India which shared the 76th position, with a score of 38. While China ranked 83, Russia was at the 119th place in the index with score 29.

SAARC Countries

Among the SAARC countries, Bhutan was ranked highest and Afghanistan was at the bottom. Bhutan was ranked 27 with a score of 65, whereas Afghanistan was ranked 166 with a score of 11. Ranks of the other SAARC countries were India (76), Sri Lanka (83), Pakistan (117), Nepal (130) and Bangladesh (139).

About Corruption Perceptions Index

• It is prepared by Transparency International (TI) which is a global coalition against corruption and The CPI 2015 is the 21st edition of the annual index.

• It is based on expert opinions of public sector corruption and countries are ranked on the basis of corruption perception score measured on the scale of 0 – 100. A score of 0 means highly corrupt country whereas a score of 100 means very clean country.

• Transparency International (TI) is based in Berlin Germany and its Managing Director is Cobus de Swardt.

• At present, TI is running a campaign called Unmask the Corrupt, urging European Union, United States and G20 countries to follow Denmark’s lead and create public registers that would make clear who really controls, or is the beneficial owner, of every company.


The International Hockey Federation (FIH) announced the winners of its Hockey Stars awards for 2015.

The Netherlands' Robert Van der Horst and Lidewij Weltenwon the men's and women's FIH Player of the Year awards, respectively, for their performances in 2015.

Other winners of the awards are:



Goalkeeper of the year (Women)

Joyce Sombroek (The Netherlands)

Goalkeeper of the year (Men)

David Harte (Ireland)

Rising Star of the Year (Women)

Lily Owsley (Great Britain)

Rising Star of the Year (Men)

Chrisopher Rühr (Germany)

About FIH Player of the Year Awards

The FIH Player of the Year Awards are awarded annually by the International Hockey Federation to the male and female field hockey players adjudged to be the best in the world.

The awards were established in 1998 and have been awarded annually ever since.

In 2001, the FIH Young Player of the Year award was created, to be awarded to the best young field hockey player of the year.


  • After 14 years of debates and several draft Bills, the government has said it is ready to frame a law on passive euthanasia, the act of withdrawing medical treatment with the deliberate intention of causing the death of a terminally ill patient.
  • The affidavit filed by the Union Health and Family Welfare Ministry in the Supreme Court on January 28, 2016, provides the first clear insight into whether the government considers euthanasia (which means “good death”) as manslaughter or an act of mercy.
  • The Ministry informed the Court that an expert panel had made changes and cleared the formulation of a law on passive euthanasia after extensive debates from July 2014 to June 2015.
  • The committee, however, rejected legalising “active euthanasia” — an intentional act of putting to death a terminally ill patient — on the ground that this would lead to potential misuse and was practised in “very few countries worldwide”.
  • The government’s perceptions about euthanasia changed in 2011 when the Supreme Court issued comprehensive guidelines allowing passive euthanasia in the tragic case of the bed-ridden former Mumbai nurse Aruna Shanbaug.


  • No lessons were learned; in fact it is unlikely that any can be learned from the Delhi Government’s odd- even experiment earlier this month as air quality data from the 15-day period has thrown up inconclusive results.
  • After being pulled up by courts for Delhi’s abysmal air quality, the government had announced on December 4, 2015, that it would conduct an experiment to reduce vehicular traffic, thereby reducing pollution.
  • From January 1 to 15, private cars that had registration numbers ending in odd and even numbers were allowed to ply on odd and even numbered days respectively.
  • Now that the dust has settled, the government’s own report on air quality during the odd-even experiment shows that particulate matter increased in many locations, even though fewer vehicles were on the roads.
  • Mobile monitoring by the the variation of PM levels across the city, with the PM2.5 concentration ranging from 150 to a whopping 1,000 micrograms per cubic metre. The standard for PM2.5 is 60.
  • According to sources in the government, the data of ambient air quality collected during the period will be shared with experts at the Indian Institute of Technology-Kanpur for analysis.
  • The IIT-Kanpur has already carried out a study for the Delhi government on the sources of particulate matter. That report is yet to be released.


  • Ahead of the Union Budget, the Modi government increased the excise duty on petrol by Re. 1 a litre and Rs. 1.50 on diesel, the third increase this month, to mop up over Rs. 3,200 crore in additional revenue, netting, in all, Rs. 17,000 crore in three months.
  • The increase will not result in an increase in the retail selling prices of the two fuels as it would be adjusted against the reduction in the rates that may have been possible because of the slide in international oil prices.
  • The basic excise duty on unbranded or normal petrol has been increased from Rs. 8.48 per litre to Rs. 9.48 and the same on unbranded diesel from Rs. 9.83 to Rs. 11.33.


  • A U.S. warship sailed within 12 nautical miles of an island claimed by Beijing in the South China Seas, in an operation intended to underscore America’s right to access the disputed waters.
  • China claims most of the South China Sea, through which more than $5 trillion of world trade is shipped every year. Vietnam, Malaysia, Brunei, the Philippines and Taiwan have rival claims.
  • Pentagon said the operation was carried out near Triton Island in the Paracel Islands, “to challenge excessive maritime claims of parties that claim the Paracel Islands.”
  • US says that the excessive claims regarding Triton Island are inconsistent with international law as reflected in the Law of the Sea Convention.
  • This operation was about challenging excessive maritime claims that restrict the rights and freedoms of the United States and others, not about territorial claims to land features.


  • The tiny Marshall Islands will, in March, seek to persuade the UN’s highest court to take up a lawsuit against India, Pakistan and Britain which they accuse of failing to halt the nuclear arms race.
  • The International Court of Justice, founded in 1945 to rule on legal disputes between nations, announced dates for separate hearings for the three cases between March 7 and 16.
  • In the cases brought against India and Pakistan, the court will examine whether the tribunal based in The Hague is competent to hear the lawsuits.
  • The hearing involving Britain will be devoted to “preliminary objections” raised by London.
  • A decision will be made at a later date as to whether the cases can proceed.
  • In 2014, the Marshall Islands, a Pacific Ocean territory with 55,000 people, accused nine countries of “not fulfilling their obligations with respect to the cessation of the nuclear arms race at an early date and to nuclear disarmament”.
  • They included China, Britain, France, India, Israel, North Korea, Pakistan, Rus- sia, and the U.S.


  • Fighting terror, visa liberalisation and improving India-Afghanistan business ties are on the agenda as Afghanistan Chief Executive Abdullah Abdullah lands in Delhi.
  • Dr. Abdullah’s visit comes a month after Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s unannounced visit to Kabul on Christmas day, when he had also travelled to Lahore.
  • This is the first meeting between the Indian and Afghanistan leadership since the attacks on the Pathankot airbase and the Indian Consulate in Mazar-e-Sharif.
  • Dr. Abdullah is down to deliver the key- note address at a counter-terrorism conference in Jaipur, which he will attend along with President Pranab Mukherjee.
  • During his talks with Mr. Modi and External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj, Dr. Abdullah is expected to discuss leads in the attacks, cooperation on counter-terror operations, as well as the latest round of the four-nation Taliban talks that concluded this month.
  • The two sides are expected to sign a memorandum of understanding (MoU) for visa exemption on diplomatic passports.
  • Another MoU will be signed between the Afghan Chamber of Commerce and ASSOCHAM.


  • Finance Minister Arun Jaitley has stressed that structural reforms addressing infrastructure, irrigation, farm productivity and manufacturing can help boost growth by about 1-1.5 percentage points.
  • India has the potential to grow at between eight and nine per cent, Mr. Jaitely said while addressing delegates at a global business summit.
  • A higher economic growth can end poverty and with the benefit of the slump in global oil and commodity prices and good monsoons, which hopefully are better than the last two years, the target will not be very difficult or impossible for India to achieve.
  • India is one of the few economies in the world that survived crises in 2001, 2008 and 2015.
  • Economies the world over are doing badly because of the plummeting oil and commodity prices but the slump “suits us because we are net buyers of these” and it is an advantage that can help the government in its efforts to “put our house in order”.


  • Mobile phone production in India has reached 100 million with leading companies setting up their manufacturing base in the country.
  • India has attracted around 15 new mobile plants. Earlier in 2014, 68 million (mobile phones) were being manufactured and now 100 million are being manufactured.
  • All the major companies in the world namely Panasonic, Mitsubishi, Nidec, Samsung, Bosch, Jabil, Flextronics, Continental are in India besides all the top Indian companies who are already here.
  • Indian Cellular Association Founder and President Pankaj Mohindroo said that in terms of value, mobile phone production in the country has in creased by 95 per cent in the ongoing financial year as compared to the previous fiscal.


  • On a night when steffi Graf loomed large over Rod Laver Arena, an inspired Angelique Kerber stunned Serena Williams in a three-set classic to win the Australian Open and become Germany’s first Grand Slam champion in 17 years.
  • In the ultimate tribute to her childhood hero, Kerber foiled Serena’s bid to match the German great’s tally of Grand Slam titles, closing out a magnificent 6-4, 3-6, 6-4 win in her first major final.
  • The seventh seed’s triumph secured her nation’s first Grand Slam win since Graf raised her 22nd and final trophy at the 1999 French Open.


You are the responsible in charge of your life and nobody else going to dream for you and act for you except you yourself. Be grateful for what you have now.

As you begin to think about all the things in your life you are grateful for, you will be amazed at the never ending thoughts that come back to you of more things to be grateful for. You have to make a start, and then the law of attraction will receive those grateful thoughts and give you more just like them. whenever you love yourself, respect yourself and appreciate yourself being grateful then you can experience real inner joy as well as inner peace.

In fact happiness is key to all huge success and to transform your personal, professional, spiritual, relationship and health life to next level. Successful people maintain a positive focus in life no matter what is going on around them. They stay focused on their past successes rather than their past failures, and on the next action steps they need to take to get them closer to the fulfillment of their goals rather than all the other distractions that life presents to them. The universe is responding alike to your vibes you delivers towards it.

Life is supposed to be fun! When you're having fun, you feel great and you receive great things! Having fun brings the life you want, and taking things too seriously brings a life you have to take seriously. If you feed yourself with stress, worries and negative events of past then you gonna attract alike. Just be responsible of your life and every choices as well as decision you make. Never blame others or live with excuses in the highway of life. If you don't feel happy with what you are doing then change it and do what you love to do at any point of life. As its never too late to discover your real self.

You will attract everything that you require. You have got to pay attention to what you are attracted to, because as you hold images of what you want, you are going to be attracted to things and they are going to be attracted to you. But it literally moves into physical reality with and through you. And it does that by law. Infuse your life with action. Don't wait for it to happen, make it happen. Make your own future, make your own hope, make your own love and whatever your beliefs, honor your creator, not by passively waiting for grace to come down from upon high, but by doing what you can to make grace happen... yourself, right now, right down here on Earth.
‪#‎RAY‬ - ‪#‎Empowering‬ ‪#‎Talent‬ ‪#‎Since‬ 1971

Last Updated on Wednesday, 03 February 2016 04:40